Law enforcement techniques uncovered
February 28, 2012
Law enforcement techniques cover a wide variety of situations, including pulling over drivers, screening drivers for DUI offenses, making arrests, searching vehicles, handcuffing suspects, responding to medical emergencies and handling traffic accidents. Because law enforcement officers encounter so many different law enforcement situations, they’re trained in tactics and techniques to safely and effectively carry out their duty to protect public safety.
Some law enforcement techniques are psychological. This is particularly true in interrogations, where the object is to extract information from an individual. ‘Good cop, bad cop’ is a common interrogation technique that’s been widely featured on television detective shows and in movies. This involves using two law enforcement interrogators, with the ‘bad cop’ acting in an aggressive manner and the ‘good cop’ defending the suspect in an effort to gain their trust and get a confession or useful information.
Another of the law enforcement technique used during interrogations is to turn suspects against each other in hopes that they’ll give information that will lead to an indictment. Interrogators might intimate that one suspect has given damaging information against the other in order to turn the suspect. They also offer the possibility of a reduced sentence for giving information that can be used to solve a crime.
Law enforcement techniques of a non-psychological variety are used in the instance of domestic disputes. One such technique is to immediately separate the disputants to deescalate the situation. Since domestic disputes are considered potentially dangerous, two officers almost always respond simultaneously. Once the disputants are apart, they’re interviewed separately by each officer. Even if no physical violence has taken place, one of the disputants is almost always taken into custody to give the situation a chance to cool down.
Law enforcement techniques on searching and handcuffing suspects are also taught in training of officers. These techniques include searching and handcuffing while standing, while kneeling and while prone and are meant to maintain control of the suspect at all times while conducting the procedure. These techniques are extremely critical to the safety of law enforcement officers, as suspects in these situations are frequently hostile and are capable of violence. Law enforcement must properly control the suspect in a way that refrains from injury unless the suspect becomes resistant or violent.
Other law enforcement techniques involve pulling over vehicles for traffic violations or suspicious activities. These situations can also carry the threat of violence against officers, especially at night on deserted roads and highways. Officers learn how to approach a car safely, always standing a little bit behind the driver on the left in order to be out of the line of fire if they should pull a gun. They also learn how to deal with DUI suspects, including conducting alcohol screenings.
Law enforcement are also often the first people to arrive at the scene of a murder and must understand law enforcement techniques to secure the scene without disturbing or contaminating any evidence. This includes moving within the crime scene as little as possible until detectives and forensic experts are able to arrive.